Establishment of Islam of God as formal in Quran.

Islamism is the establishment of God as formal in the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah. It is not a new faith because it’s design is to transmute bowing to God and that has been the raw concept of faith from ancient nowadays.

A statement of Semitic Derivation, “Islam” agency “compliance to God’s Testament”. The show has also been calculable from the like roots as “salam” import “repose”. Similarly the order “Mohammedan” refers to the one who submits oneself to the gift of God with no discrimination of run, ethnicity or social accent. Few wrong conceive that Mohammadanism is related with conscionable the Semite mankind, whereas this belief is a clean and Coupling one. Any someone, regardless of where they domiciliate or to what view they belong, is a correct Ruler and truster if he/she submits to attend Allah alone.

If we but screw the denotative meaningful of the articulate Muhammadanism, it indicates that if one desires to live a peaceful vivification with security of manage and spirit of the hunch, it is obligatory to merge the leave of Allah within one’s innermost consciousness and active in accordance to His Order.
learning , quran , read quran , recite quran , memorize quran

Quran taught with tajweed online.

Muslims all over the humans are entitled to learn the Quran and notice its speech making on a daily component. It is a attempt of our belief and also a tradition of our beloved consecrate Muhammad (PBUH). Allah Almighty has regular the Illustrious accumulation for our aid and well-being. Indeed it has the result to every job we could ever connection.

Such a Heavenly Assemblage is meant to be indicate with intense tutelage, representation and zeal. It is a Message from our Nobleman for us to read and finish in our lives and also disparity the language for gaining approving in this time and the close.

The blessed diviner Muhammed (PBUH) has said: “The advisable of those amongst you is the one who learns the Quraan and then teaches it to others.”
Without a uncertainness, the uncomparable way to recite the Blessed Quraan is by way of the Path of our Diviner (PBUH). The way he preached and taught his Community to record and itemise the Glorious Product is by far the most beneficial and rewardable way to do so. Being a admittedly Ruler and worshiper it is our righteous obligation to survey this Sunna and also ameliorate our Monotheism brothers and sisters so that they may discover equivalent benefits as source. This is through by recital of the Sanctified Fact with Tajweed and Tartil, exactly how our Vaticinator (PBUH) taught us.

Holy Quran and Modern Science

We are living in the age of computers, laser surgeries, advanced medical treatments, and cloning! In today’s world of constant scientifically groundbreaking discoveries, how can we accept that Allah’s revelation, The Quran, did not reveal this all before? Believing the entire world to be created by God Himself, the Qur’an revealed 1400 years ago contains 1000 verses of scientific knowledge, and none of them contradicting with today’s scientific facts and discoveries. (SubhanAllah)

Quran and Science

Apart from guiding mankind personal, social, moral and spiritual areas, the Quran doesn’t stop here and also throws light on varied scientific topics like astronomy, geology, embryology, genetics, biology, archeology an much more. Following lines will show you that Quran is truly a divine gift of Lord upon His creators. Read on.

The Big Bang Theory and Quran!

  • Modern Science: Astronomers of today accept the big bang philosophy for the creation of this universe. According to the theory, 15billion years ago a primordial mass exploded and the universe was formed. This was discovered somewhere in 1973.
  • The Quran: “Do not the unbelievers see that the Heavens and the earth were joined together, and then We split them apart.” (21:30)

Expansion of the Universe

  • Modern science: “The universe is not static, as had previously been thought, it is expanding”
  • The Quran: “And the firmament, We constructed with power and skill and verily We are expanding it” (51:47)

Reality of Sun’s Orbit

  • Modern Science: Previous theories stated that sun is motionless in the center of the solar system with all the planets revolving around it. But modern science tells us today that the sun too is in motion along with the planets, and travels at 150 miles per second takes about 200 million years to complete one revolution around the center of our Milky Way Galaxy and 25 days to make one complete rotation around its own axis.
  • The Quran: “It is He who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its orbit with its own motion.” (21:33)

Invasion of Space by Human Beings

  • Modern Science: After launching of the Russian Satellite, Sputnik I in 1957, the human interest in the space took form. Entailed by several incidents including man’s landing on moon, human dream of conquering space was given a reality.
  • The Quran: “O assembly of Jinns and humans, if you can penetrate the regions of the heavens and the earth, then penetrate them! You will not penetrate them save with a power (of God).” (55:33)

Earth’s Ozone Layer

  • Modern Science: Science proves that Earth is frequently attacked by meteoroids that collapse by sun rays. Similarly the dangerous UV radiation is absorbed by the Ozone layer around our planet, thus protecting it and making us live on earth.
  • The Quran: “And We have made the atmosphere a protective roof, yet do they turn away from the Signs which these things point to.” (21:32)

The Creation of Mankind:

  • Modern Science: Through powerful microscopes, ultra sound and fiber optics technology, the science of embryology shows that life is generated by eggs. Here are the processes defined by modern embryology:
  1. Fertilization takes place with only one sperm among several tens of millions produced by man.
  2. Implantation of the blastocyst in the uterus
  3. The human embryo is similar to a leech from days 7-24, when it clings to the endometrium of the uterus.
  4. The internal ears appear before the eyes, and the brain appears last.
  • The Quran:
  1. “God fashioned man from a small quantity (of sperm)” (16:4)
  2. “Then We placed him as a drop in a place of rest” (23:13)
  3. “Then We made the drop into a leech like structure…” (23:14)
  4. “And He (God) gave you hearing and sight and feeling and understanding.” (32:9)

The Quran describes not only the development of external form but also the internal stages – the stages inside the embryo of its creation and development, emphasizing major events recognized by contemporary science.

Existence of Two Genders

  • Modern Science: Science tells us that everything from animals to plants and even bacteria are divided into pairs, male and female.
  • The Quran: “Hallowed is He, Who created pairs in all things, those that grow from the earth and of themselves, and what they know not.” (36:36)

Understand the Holy Quran

The Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) said,

“The best among you is the one who learned Quran and taught it to others”.

It is an unfortunate fact that most of the Muslims today do not know what exactly is written in their Holy book, Quran. This is because of several reasons. Sometimes the parents do not understand the significance of teaching the Quran to their children. As a result he children grow up only with a certain set of principles taught by their parents and do not care about realizing the essence of the religion.

Some grownups say that they are too busy in their life to devote too much time to understand the Quran. Actually, the Quran understanding is promoted as something too cumbersome and time consuming by the so-called Islamic scholars. Of course, these scholars have vested interests in doing so. They know that if the masses do not try to understand the Quran by themselves, they can lead them in their desired directions.

There can be several workable strategies for someone who wants to understand the Quran. The first pre-requisite for understanding the Quran is the will of the person to do so. Another thing one must realize is that learning the Quran recitation in Arabic and understanding it are two different things. It is of no doubt that the Quran recitation is a way of earning many virtues. However, if one understands the Quran and transform one’s life that too might earn even more virtues. Of course, the reason of a Muslim’s life is to understand his holy book and to spend the life according to the Islamic principles.

For the Muslims, whose native language (or the mother tongue) is not Arabic; the Quran understanding is possible by reading the translations. The Quran has been translated in almost all the languages of the world. In fact, not many religious scriptures have this distinction. The English translations of the Quran are widely available. The most popular and easy to understand English translation of the Quran is by Pickthal.

Seek The Light, Which Would Lead You To The Right Path from reading Quran

Quran is the ultimate source of light for Muslims. To seek this light one needs to learn Quran. The importance of the text of Quran cannot be doubted or questions. At the same time, the significance of learning Quran with translation holds a great strength.

There are number of issue in the daily life of Muslims, in which Muslims need to improve according to the Quran. Muslims have been practicing the same conventions from long time, without consulting Quran themselves. Unfortunately, many times Muslims ignore the negative side and only see the positive side of what has been written in the Quran.

 

Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman said, “People used to ask the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) about good things, but I used to ask him about bad things because I was afraid that they might overtake me.” This is a great example to follow. Few common mistakes have been jot down below to let people know so that they can protect themselves and their dear ones from making these mistakes over the time. These mistakes are based upon few myths in the religion.

Myth 1: dua will be accepted if made the first glance of Ka’aba:

Many people have the wrong perception in their minds that their dua is more likely to be answered, if it is made at the first glance of the Kab’ah. Well there is no such evidence from the Sareeah, nor does any hadith indicate any such thing. Shaykh Sa’d al-Humayd said:

“This is not true; there has to be evidence for this to be true, because acts of worship should only be based on evidence. And that evidence must be saheeh in and of itself and it should be clear and unambiguous. And Allaah knows best.”

Myth 2: Kissing the black stone from far away and in the mid of tawaaf, holds a great importance!

Kissing the black stone is sunnah, indeed a beautiful one, yet kissing it from far off does not hold nay importance. People do it because they do not get a chance to go near the stone due to huge crowd. Those who have the chance of going near the stone, are lucky but those who couldn’t make it to the stone, should not mess up the crowd by standing in the mid of Tawaaf, while disrobing the flow of the crowd and throwing fling kisses at the stone. “It should be noted that the tawaaf remains perfectly valid without kissing the Black Stone. If one does not or cannot kiss the Black Stone. It is sufficient simply to point to it, saying “Allahu Akbar” when one comes parallel to it, although one may be at a distance from it.” [Fataawa ibn Baaz]

Myth 3:  Shouting prayers is a good way

It is noticed that some people shout duas and prayers at the top of their voices during Tafaas and Sa’ee. Usually in this case the imam or the leader of the group says out a prayer, which the followers repeat in loud voice, this cause a lot of confusion amongst others. Its better that you recite your prayers, dues and Quran, while keeping your voices low. Take small dua books with you if you cannot memorize these duas, so that you do not have to follow any one. Always remember that when you are praying, it is between you and your lord. “Each one of you is conversing with his Lord, so do not disturb one another or raise your voices over one another when reading [or he said] when praying”. [Abu Dawood, saheeh by al-Albaani]

Allah, Sublime and Exalted, sent his messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, with guidance and truth

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, Sublime and Exalted, sent his messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, with guidance and truth.

هُوَ الَّذِى أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ شَهِيداً

(28. He it is Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth, that He may make it superior to all religions. And All-Sufficient is Allah as a Witness.)

Surah 48 Al Fath Verse 28

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

(He it is Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth,) with beneficial knowledge and righteous good deeds. Indeed, the Islamic Shari`ah has two factors, knowledge and deeds. The true religious knowledge is by definition true, and the accepted Islamic acts are by definition accepted. Therefore, the news and creed that this religion conveys are true and its commandments are just,

(that He may make it superior to all religions.) all the religions of the people of the earth, Arabs and non-Arabs alike, whether having certain ideologies or being atheists or idolators.

(And All-Sufficient is Allah as a Witness.) that Muhammad is His Messenger and that He will grant him victory. Allah the Exalted and Most Honored has the best knowledge.

A messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, from among yourselves

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

A messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, fom among yourselves.

لَقَدْ جَآءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ

(128. Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger from among yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He is eager for you; for the believers [he is] full of pity, kind, and merciful.)

فَإِن تَوَلَّوْاْ فَقُلْ حَسْبِىَ اللَّهُ لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَهُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ

(129. But if they turn away, say: “Allah is sufficient for me. There is no God but He, in Him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.”)

Surah 9 At Tawba Verse 128-129

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

(I was sent with the easy Hanifiyah [monotheism] way.) An authenic Hadith mentions,

(Verily, this religion is easy) and its Law is all easy, lenient and perfect. It is easy for those whom Allah the Exalted makes it easy.)

(He is eager for you), that you gain guidance and acquire benefits in this life and the Hereafter. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Verily, every matter that Allah has prohibited, He knows that some among you will breach it; but I am indeed holding you by the waist so that you do not fall in the Fire, just like butterflies and flies.) Allah’s statement next,

(for the believers (he is) full of pity, kind, and merciful.) [9:128], is similar to His other statement,

(And be kind and humble to the believers who follow you. Then if they disobey you, say: “I am innocent of what you do.” And put your trust in the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful) [26:215-217]. Allah the Exalted commanded His Messenger in this honorable Ayah,

(But if they turn away), from the glorious, pure, perfect and encompassing Law that you — O Muhammad — brought them,

(then say: “Allah is sufficient for me. There is no God but He,) Allah is sufficient for me, there is no deity worthy of worship except Him, and in Him I put my trust. Similarly, Allah said,

((He alone is) the Lord of the east and the west; there is no God but He. So take Him alone as a guardian.) [73:9]. Allah said next,

(and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne) [9:129]. He is the King and Creator of all things, and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne (`Arsh), which is above all creation; all that is in and between the heavens and earths is under the Throne (`Arsh) and subservient to Allah’s power. His knowledge encompasses all things, and His decision will certainly come to pass over all matters. He is the guardian of all things. Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said that Ubayy bin Ka`b said, “The last Ayah revealed from the Qur’an was this Ayah,

Allah, the Wise and Merciful, chooses messengers from the angels and from mankind

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, the Wise and Merciful, chooses messengers from the angels and from mankind.

اللَّهُ يَصْطَفِى مِنَ الْمَلَـئِكَةِ رُسُلاً وَمِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ

(75. Allah chooses Messengers from angels and from men. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer.)

يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ تُرْجَعُ الاٍّمُورُ

(76. He knows what is before them, and what is behind them. And to Allah return all matters.)

Surah 22 Al Hajj Verse 75-76

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah tells us that He chooses Messengers from His angels as He wills by His law and decree, and He chooses Messengers from mankind to convey His Message.

(Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer.) means, He hears all that His servants say, and He sees them and knows who among them is deserving of that, as He says:

(Allah knows best with whom to place His Message) [6:124]

(He knows what is before them, and what is behind them. And to Allah return all matters.) He knows what will happen to His Messengers and the Message He sent them with, for none of their affairs are hidden from Him. He says:

(“The All-Knower of the Ghayb (Unseen), and He reveals to none His Ghayb.”)[72:26] until His saying;

(and He keeps count of all things.) [72:28] So He, may He be glorified, is guarding them, and is Witness to what is said about them. He is protecting them and supporting them.

(O Messenger! Proclaim which has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message. Allah will protect you from mankind) [5:67].

The noblest of messengers

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The noblest of messengers.

يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ارْكَعُواْ وَاسْجُدُواْ وَاعْبُدُواْ رَبَّكُمْ وَافْعَلُواْ الْخَيْرَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

(77. O you who believe! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and do good that you may be successful.)

وَجَـهِدُوا فِى اللَّهِ حَقَّ جِهَـدِهِ هُوَ اجْتَبَـكُمْ وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكمْ فِى الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ مِّلَّةَ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَهِيمَ هُوَ سَمَّـكُمُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ مِن قَبْلُ وَفِى هَـذَا لِيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ شَهِيداً عَلَيْكُمْ وَتَكُونُواْ شُهَدَآءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَأَقِيمُواْ الصَّلَوةَ وَءَاتُواْ الزَّكَـوةَ وَاعْتَصِمُواْ بِاللَّهِ هُوَ مَوْلَـكُمْ فَنِعْمَ الْمَوْلَى وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ

(78. And strive hard in Allah’s cause as you ought to strive. He has chosen you, and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship: it is the religion of your father Ibrahim. He has named you Muslims both before and in this (Qur’an), that the Messenger may be a witness over you and you be witnesses over mankind! So, perform the Salah, give the Zakah and hold fast to Allah. He is your Mawla, what an Excellent Mawla and what an Excellent Helper!)

Surah 22 Al Hajj Verse 77-78

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

It was reported from `Uqbah bin `Amir that the Prophet said:

(Surat Al-Hajj has been blessed with two Sajdahs, so whoever does not prostrate them should not read them.)

(And strive hard in Allah’s cause as you ought to strive.) means, with your wealth and your tongues and your bodies. This is like the Ayah:

(Have Taqwa of Allah as is His due.) [3:102]

(He has chosen you,) means, `O Ummah [of Islam], Allah has selected you and chosen you over all other nations, and has favored you and blessed you and honored you with the noblest of Messengers and the noblest of Laws.’

(and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship) He has not given you more than you can bear and He has not obliged you to do anything that will cause you difficulty except that He has created for you a way out. So the Salah, which is the most important pillar of Islam after the two testimonies of faith, is obligatory, four Rak`ahs when one is settled, which are shortened to two Rak`ah when one is traveling. According to some Imams, only one Rak`ahs is obligatory at times of fear, as was recorded in the Hadith. A person may pray while walking or riding, facing the Qiblah or otherwise. When praying optional prayers while traveling, one may face the Qiblah or not. A person is not obliged to stand during the prayer if he is sick; the sick person may pray sitting down, and if he is not able to do that then he may pray lying on his side. And there are other exemptions and dispensations which may apply to the obligatory prayers and other duties. So the Prophet said:

(I have been sent with the easy Hanifi way.) And he said to Mu`adh and Abu Musa, when he sent them as governors to Yemen:

(Give good news and do not repel them. Make things easy for the people and do not make the things difficult for them.) And there are many similar Hadiths. Ibn `Abbas said concerning the Ayah,

(and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship), “This means difficulty.”

(It is the religion of your father Ibrahim. ) Ibn Jarir said, “This refers back to the Ayah,

(and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship) meaning, any difficulty.” On the contrary, He has made it easy for you, like the religion of your father Ibrahim. He said, “It may be that it means: adhere to the religion of your father Ibrahim.” I say: This interpretation of the Ayah is like the Ayah:

(Say: “Truly, my Lord has guided me to a straight path, a right religion, the religion of Ibrahim, a Hanif) [6:161]

(He has named you Muslims both before and in this (Qur’an),) Imam `Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak said, narrating from Ibn Jurayj, from `Ata’, from Ibn `Abbas: concerning Allah’s saying,

(He has named you Muslims before) “This refers to Allah, may He be glorified.” This was also the view of Mujahid, `Ata’, Ad-Dahhak, As-Suddi, Muqatil bin Hayyan and Qatadah. Mujahid said, “Allah named you Muslims before, in the previous Books and in Adh-Dhikr,

(and in this) means, the Qur’an.” This was also the view of others, because Allah says:

(He has chosen you, and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship) Then He urged them to follow the Message which His Messenger brought, by reminding them that this was the religion of their father Ibrahim. Then He mentioned His blessings to this Ummah, whereby He mentioned them and praised them long ago in the Books of the Prophets which were recited to the rabbis and monks. Allah says:

(He has named you Muslims both before) meaning, before the Qur’an,

(and in this.) Under the explanation of this Ayah, An-Nasa’i recorded from Al-Harith Al-Ash`ari from the Messenger of Allah , who said:

(Whoever adopts the call of Jahiliyyah, will be one of those who will crawl on their knees in Hell.) A man said, “O Messenger of Allah, even if he fasts and performs Salah” He said,

(Yes, even if he fasts and performs Salah. So adopt the call of Allah whereby He called you Muslims and believers and servants of Allah.)

(that the Messenger may be a witness over you and you be witnesses over mankind!) means, `thus We have made you a just and fair nation, the best of nations, and all other nations will testify to your justice. On the Day of Resurrection you will be,

(witnesses over mankind),’ because on that Day all the nations will acknowledge its leadership and its precedence over all others. Therefore, on the Day of Resurrection the testimony of the members of this community will be accepted as proof that the Messengers conveyed the Message of their Lord to them, and the Messenger will testify that he conveyed the Message to them.

(So perform the Salah, give Zakah) means, respond to this great blessing with gratitude by fulfilling your duties towards Allah, doing that which He has enjoined upon you and avoiding that which He had forbidden. Among the most important duties are establishing regular prayer and giving Zakah. Zakah is a form of beneficence towards Allah’s creatures, whereby He has enjoined upon the rich to give a little of their wealth to the poor each year, to help the weak and needy. We have already mentioned its explanation in the Ayah of Zakah in Surat At-Tawbah (9:5).

(and hold fast to Allah.) means, seek the help and support of Allah and put your trust in Him, and get strength from Him.

(He is your Mawla,) meaning, He is your Protector and your Helper, He is the One Who will cause you to prevail against your enemies.

(what an Excellent Mawla and what an Excellent Helper!) He is the best Mawla and the best Helper against your enemies.

This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Hajj. May Allah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and Companions, and grant them peace; may Allah honor and be pleased with the Companions and those who follow them in truth until the Day of Resurrection.

A questioner is commenting on the previous answer about fasting and the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas about moon sighting with one witness

In your answer to question number 26824, you stated that it is permissible to accept the opinion of a trustworthy person with regard to moon sighting, but this contradicts the hadeeth that says that a Bedouin came to the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and told him that he had seen the moon. When the Messenger asked him, “Do you believe that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah?” and he answered in the affirmative, he asked him: “Do you bear witness that you have seen the moon?” Hence this hadeeth is evidence that it is permissible to accept the moon sighting from any Muslim.

Praise be to Allaah.

The hadeeth that the questioner is referring to is:

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: A Bedouin came to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and said, I have seen the new moon tonight. He said, “Do you bear witness that there is no god except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)?” He said, Yes. He said, “Get up, O Bilaal, and announce to the people that they should fast tomorrow.”

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (691), Abu Dawood (2340), al-Nasaa’i (2112) and Ibn Maajah (1652). The hadeeth is da’eef (weak) and not saheeh. It was classed as weak by al-Nasaa’i, al-Albaani and others.

As the hadeeth is weak, there is no contradiction between it and what we have mentioned about it being essential that the one who sights the moon should be of good character.

Even if we assume that the hadeeth is saheeh, it may be interpreted in several ways, such as:

1.

That the issue with regard to accepting the testimony of the one who has seen the new moon and the issue of determining whether he is trustworthy and of good character is up to the judge to decide. If he is confident, because of his experience with people, that this person who has seen the moon is trustworthy in his testimony, he may accept this testimony from him, even if no one knows him and is able to confirm that he is of good character and trustworthy.

Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

So we see from the hadeeth that he instructed Bilaal to announce to the people that they would fast the next day. So the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was content with the testimony of this man, whom he did not know, on the basis that he bore witness that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, i.e. he knew that he was a Muslim, but he did not check on him any further and he did not try to find out how intelligent and smart he was, as was the case in the first hadeeth in which the witness was ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab. Yet despite that he accepted his testimony. This hadeeth makes things easier for people, and what this means is that the judge should be content with the witness as he appears to be, without needing to find people who know this man and can testify that he is of good character, as was the habit of judges since time immemorial. Rather it is sufficient to know that he is a Muslim. This man was a Bedouin of whom the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) had no prior knowledge and he was content that he uttered the Shahaadatayn before him. So he was a Muslim with the same rights and duties as any other, and based on his testimony and the fact that he was a Muslim he said: O Bilaal, announced to the people that they should fast tomorrow.

Al-Ta’laaq ‘ala Kitaab Buloogh al-Maraam, (audio tape), hadeeth 5, Kitaab al-Siyaam.

2.

That this hadeeth is evidence for the principle that a Muslim is to be regarded as being of good character unless proven otherwise. Al-San’aani (may Allah have mercy on him) said concerning what we learn from the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas:

It indicates that the basic principle with regard to the Muslims is that they are of good character, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) did not ask the Bedouin for anything except the Shahaadah.

Subul al-Salaam by al-San’aani, 2/153

3.

That this ruling only applies to the Sahaabah, which is the case because they are all to be regarded as being of good character. There is no doubt that that Bedouin is to be included as one of the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them), and thus he is to be regarded as a man of good character, one of those who do not need to be examined to prove that they are of good character.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

All of the Sahaabah are trustworthy and of good character, and the narration of any of them is to be accepted even if he is not known by name. Hence they said: Not knowing the name of the Sahaabi does not affect the validity of the hadeeth.

The evidence for what we have said about the Sahaabah is that Allah and His Messenger praised them in a number of texts, and the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) would accept the testimony of any of them once he knew that he was Muslim, and he would not enquire any further about him. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: A Bedouin came to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and said: I have seen the new moon, meaning Ramadan.

End quote from Mustalah al-Hadeeth, from his website.

There is something else that supports what we have stated above, which is the fact that this testimony came at the time of Revelation, and the testimony of the Bedouin could not have been accepted if it was a false testimony concerning one of the acts of worship of the Muslims.

But as the hadeeth is da’eef (weak) there is no need to discuss its meaning. Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds.

And Allah knows best.